4 Emerging Technologies Every Educator Should Understand

Ginger Abbot

Oct 4, 2019
emerging-technologies-3d-printer

Big developments in technology — like virtual reality and artificial intelligence — send out shockwaves that touch every aspect of our lives. Education is no exception. Classrooms are both higher-tech and more connected than ever, and new advances are being developed every day. As more tech moves into schools, educators need to be aware of the latest developments they can use to best educate their students.

All educators should understand these four emerging technologies.

1. AI and Adaptive Learning

Adaptive learning
is both a technology
and a philosophical approach to teaching. The core idea is that
students learn at different paces and have various strengths and weaknesses.
Ideally, an educator could build a personalized course that fits the needs of
each student. However, long-term, one-on-one mentorship isn’t possible in most
settings.

Adaptive
learning uses artificial intelligence (AI) technology to create a personalized
course or curriculum for every student. As a result, they get more help where
they need it and less where they don’t.

The focus is on proficiency rather than seat time. Ideally, adaptive learning results in shaping students with mastery of the course material without necessarily needing to spend the same amount of time as every other student.

The
technology is still in development, but there are already a few different
companies working
to bring adaptive learning to classrooms.

2. 3D Printing

3D
printers — which build objects from digital models — are being used in
engineering and design classes to teach students how to use computer-assisted
design (CAD) software. They get to produce a creation they can hold in their
hands.

The cost of a 3D printer might be prohibitive to some educators — even the cheapest models can cost nearly $200. Outfitting a classroom with enough printers for 20 or 30 students may not always be possible. However, prices aren’t guaranteed to stay high forever — 3D printers cost around $20,000 in 2010, just nine years ago. In the future, they might be still more affordable for educators.

3. VR and Virtual Laboratories

2D
representations aren’t always accurate in certain subjects, such as chemistry.
Sadly, 3D can be difficult to implement into the curriculum.

Scientific
education at any level wouldn’t be complete without hands-on, experimental
learning — which has been an obstacle for online science and engineering
courses at all levels. Even in-person classrooms can struggle with outfitting
their laboratories. Labs for classes like chemistry, biology and engineering —
especially at the high school and college levels — need large amounts of
expensive equipment and reagents. Some schools just can’t afford the equipment
their students need.

Virtual and remote laboratories have been around for nearly 20 years, but haven’t become especially popular among educators in that time — partly because the technology was unable to approximate the lab experience. However, new advances in virtual reality (VR) technology may make these labs an effective classroom tool.

Companies
like Labster are experimenting with simulated labs
that use VR technology
. Students put on a headset and are transported to a virtual
laboratory, where they can complete experiments that provide hands-on lessons
about acids and bases or how neurotoxins
affect nerves
.
Arizona State University is already using the technology in an online-only
biology course. In some cases, these VR labs can be even better than the real
thing — in virtual reality, it’s not a huge deal when students cause
explosions.

4. 5G

5G
is the fifth generation of cellular network technology and will replace 4G. It
will improve mobile speeds by a factor of 20, resulting in a latency of less
than one millisecond
. 5G is slowly rolling out across the United States this year, but only
newer devices will be able to support the technology.

What 5G will mean for education isn’t quite clear yet. However, improved wireless speeds and better connectivity could be a big benefit for students that depend on virtual resources. Educators could provide lessons in real-time or give demonstrations using remotely controlled Internet of Things (IoT) devices. Streaming video and web content will be both faster and higher quality.

Emerging Tech in the Classroom

Virtual
reality and AI are poised to make big changes to almost every aspect of our
lives, and education probably won’t be an exception. We can’t know right now
how widely adopted these technologies will be. If you’ve been following
technology trends in education for long, you know it’s rare for new education
technology to revolutionize teaching.

However, classrooms over the last few years have trended toward being better connected and more advanced technologically. All educators should keep an eye on innovations like VR, AI and 5G — and be prepared for a school system that’s higher-tech and more connected than ever before.

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